- 1 Why is heavy fuel oil bad?
- 2 What is considered a heavy fuel?
- 3 What is the difference between heavy fuel oil and diesel?
- 4 Why do ships use heavy fuel oil?
- 5 Where does heavy oil come from?
- 6 How much heavy fuel oil is produced from a barrel of oil?
- 7 Is fuel oil heavier than water?
- 8 What HFO means?
- 9 How much does heavy fuel oil weigh?
- 10 What are the 3 types of fuel?
- 11 What is No 1 fuel oil?
- 12 What are common types of fuel oil burners?
- 13 What kind of fuel do cruise ships use?
- 14 Is kerosene a heavy fuel oil?
- 15 Which fuel is used in train?
Why is heavy fuel oil bad?
Heavy Fuel Oil is highly concentrated in sulfur (35,000 parts per million). This means global shipping accounts for 8% of global emissions of sulfur dioxide emissions (SO2), which is highly acidic when mixed with water making shipping a major contributor toward acid rain and other respiratory diseases.
What is considered a heavy fuel?
Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) is a category of fuel oils of a tar-like consistency. Also known as bunker fuel, or residual fuel oil, HFO is the result or remnant from the distillation and cracking process of petroleum.
What is the difference between heavy fuel oil and diesel?
Unlike heavy fuel oil (HFO), marine diesel oil does not have to be heated during storage. Marine diesel oil is sometimes also used synonymously with the term “intermediate fuel oil” (IFO). In the strict sense, the term marine diesel oil mainly refers to blends with a very small proportion of heavy fuel oil.
Why do ships use heavy fuel oil?
Sludge formation: A ship needs to carry heavy fuel oil in abundance to ensure a continuous supply of fuel to engines and boilers during the long voyage. The heavy fuel oil is stored in the ship’s bunker tanks.
Where does heavy oil come from?
Heavy fuel oil (HFO) is the bottom of the barrel leftovers from the oil refining process. It is incredibly viscous; at room temperature, it can be the consistency of peanut butter. Few engines can burn HFO – its low quality and gumminess prevents its use in all transport modes, with the exception of marine.
How much heavy fuel oil is produced from a barrel of oil?
Petroleum refineries in the United States produce about 19 to 20 gallons of motor gasoline and 11 to 12 gallons of ultra-low sulfur distillate fuel oil (most of which is sold as diesel fuel and in several states as heating oil) from one 42-gallon barrel of crude oil.
Is fuel oil heavier than water?
Oil. Oil is more dense than alcohol, but less dense than water. The molecules that make up the oil are larger than those that that make up water, so they cannot pack as tightly together as the water molecules can. They take up more space per unit area and are less dense.
What HFO means?
The generic term heavy fuel oil (HFO) describes fuels used to generate motion and/or fuels to generate heat that have a particularly high viscosity and density. Heavy fuel oil is a residual fuel incurred during the distillation of crude oil.
How much does heavy fuel oil weigh?
Including the drum, that’s between 439 and 454.7 lbs per drum. Heavy crude oil will weigh over 421.85 lbs, and West Canadian Select will weigh about 425.46 lbs. Meanwhile, extra heavy crude will weigh over 458 lbs. 55-gallon drums of each will weigh about 461.85 lbs, 465.46 lbs, and 490 lbs.
What are the 3 types of fuel?
There are three types of fossil fuels which can all be used for energy provision; coal, oil and natural gas.
What is No 1 fuel oil?
1 Fuel Oil. No. 1 Diesel Fuel: A light distillate fuel oil that has distillation temperatures of 550 degrees Fahrenheit at the 90-percent point and meets the specifications defined in ASTM Specification D 975. It is used in high-speed diesel engines, such as those in city buses and similar vehicles.
What are common types of fuel oil burners?
Fuel Oil Burners
- gun-type (atomizing ) burners (pressure gun)
- pot-type (vaporizing) burners.
- rotary-type fuel oil burners.
What kind of fuel do cruise ships use?
Most cruise ships burn heavy fuel oil (HFO), which is the dirtiest fossil fuel available. Most of these ships also do not have any diesel particulate filters or selective catalytic converters to clean the exhaust – technologies that are standard for road vehicles like trucks.
Is kerosene a heavy fuel oil?
The boiling point and carbon chain length of the fuel increases with fuel oil number. Viscosity also increases with number, and the heaviest oil must be heated for it to flow. 1, kerosene, and jet fuel, is a volatile distillate oil intended for vaporizing pot-type burners and high-performance/clean diesel engines.
Which fuel is used in train?
Diesel fuel has become the preferred fuel for railroad locomotive use due to its lower volatility, lower cost, and common availability. The diesel engine (A) is the main component of the diesel-electric locomotive.