# FAQ: What Is The Specific Gravity Of Heavy Fuel Oil?

## What is the density of heavy fuel oil?

HFO is characterized by a maximum density of 1010 kg/m3 at 15°C, and a maximum viscosity of 700 mm2/s (cSt) at 50°C according to ISO 8217.

## What is the viscosity of heavy fuel oil?

They are classified and named according to their viscosity, IFO 180 and IFO 380, with viscosities of 180 mm²/s and 380 mm²/s, respectively. In the MARPOL Marine Convention of 1973, heavy fuel oil is defined either by a density of greater than 900 kg/m³ at 15°C or a kinematic viscosity of more than 180 mm²/s at 50°C.

## What are the properties of heavy fuel oil?

What Are The Properties Of Heavy Fuel Oil as per ISO 8217:2010?

• Catalytic fines:
• Density:
• Kinematic Viscosity:
• Calculated Carbon Aromaticity Index (CCAI):
• Flashpoint:
• Pour point:
• Sulphur:
• Water content:

## What is the specific gravity of fuel?

For fuels, specific gravity can be determined by dividing the density of the fuel (in units of pounds per gallon) by the density of water (8.325 pounds per gallon). Let’s look at one example. Sunoco Supreme weighs 5.95 pounds per gallon. Applying some math: 5.95 / 8.325 = 0.715.

You might be interested:  What Does Furnace Fuel Oil Look Like?

## What is HFO?

The generic term heavy fuel oil (HFO) describes fuels used to generate motion and/or fuels to generate heat that have a particularly high viscosity and density. The resulting blends are also referred to as intermediate fuel oils (IFO) or marine diesel oil.

## What are heavy oils used for?

It is used for the large ship engines of cargo vessels, bulk carriers of industrial or mining products like iron ore, cruise ships, and even the engine fuel for large oil tankers (though the oil that large oil tankers carry is called Crude Oil that has not yet been refined and is lighter than Heavy Fuel Oil).

## What are the 3 types of fuel?

There are three types of fossil fuels which can all be used for energy provision; coal, oil and natural gas.

## How much heavy fuel oil is produced from a barrel of oil?

Petroleum refineries in the United States produce about 19 to 20 gallons of motor gasoline and 11 to 12 gallons of ultra-low sulfur distillate fuel oil (most of which is sold as diesel fuel and in several states as heating oil) from one 42-gallon barrel of crude oil.

## What is heavy oil fuel type?

The generic term heavy fuel oil (HFO) describes fuels used to generate motion and/or fuels to generate heat that have a particularly high viscosity and density. Heavy fuel oils have large percentages of heavy molecules such as long-chain hydrocarbons and aromatics with long-branched side chains.

## Which of the following is heavy oil?

Petroleum geologists categorize bitumen from oil sands as ‘extra-heavy oil’ due to its density of less than 10° API. Bitumen is the heaviest, thickest form of petroleum.

You might be interested:  Question: Is Diesel A Fuel Oil?

## What are the types of fuel oil?

Fuel oils may be generally classified into two main types: distillate fuel oils and residual fuel oils.

## What is the highest specific gravity?

Osmium has the highest Specific Gravity among minerals approved by the IMA, ice has the lowest.

## What is specific gravity and why is it important?

4.1 Specific gravity is an important property of fluids being related to density and viscosity. Knowing the specific gravity will allow determination of a fluid’s characteristics compared to a standard, usually water, at a specified temperature.

## Which fuel has highest specific gravity?

The heavier (more specific gravity) the crude oil, the higher its C/H ratio. Paraffins have the highest heating value and the aromatics the least 5.4 MJ/kg. Propane higher heating value is 42.4 MJ/kg while benzene is 50.4 MJ/kg and difference is 0.8 kJ/kg (Table 2).