Quick Answer: What Is The Composition Of Heavy Fuel Oil?

What is heavy fuel oil made of?

HFO may have a composition of 88 wt% C, 10 wt% H, 1 wt% S, 0.5 wt% H2O, 0.1 wt% ash, and may contain dispersed solid or semisolid particles (asphaltenes, minerals and other leftovers from the oil source, metallic particles from the refinery equipment, and some dumped chemical wastes), plus some 0.5% water.

What are the properties of heavy fuel oil?

What Are The Properties Of Heavy Fuel Oil as per ISO 8217:2010?

  • Catalytic fines:
  • Density:
  • Kinematic Viscosity:
  • Calculated Carbon Aromaticity Index (CCAI):
  • Flashpoint:
  • Pour point:
  • Sulphur:
  • Water content:

How many carbons are in heavy fuel oil?

Diesel, a heavier fuel with more complex hydrocarbons, is made up of building blocks composed of more carbon, including primarily distillate (450–650 oF) and heavy gas oil (650–1050 oF).

Is heavy fuel oil the same as diesel?

In vessels, Heavy Fuel Oil has to be mixed with lighter fuels like Diesel, to help it float. Hence the name Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO). The same product is also known by the technical names as Number 6 Fuel Oil (Bunker C) as well as Very Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (VLSFO).

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How much heavy fuel oil is produced from a barrel of oil?

Petroleum refineries in the United States produce about 19 to 20 gallons of motor gasoline and 11 to 12 gallons of ultra-low sulfur distillate fuel oil (most of which is sold as diesel fuel and in several states as heating oil) from one 42-gallon barrel of crude oil.

How is heavy oil formed?

The formation of heavy oil and bitumen, like other forms of petroleum, originated with plant life millions of years ago. After oil is formed, continued pressure from overlying rocks causes it to migrate through permeable rock layers until it becomes trapped in reservoirs of porous rocks such as sandstone or limestone.

What does HFO mean?

The generic term heavy fuel oil (HFO) describes fuels used to generate motion and/or fuels to generate heat that have a particularly high viscosity and density.

Which of the following is heavy oil?

Petroleum geologists categorize bitumen from oil sands as ‘extra-heavy oil’ due to its density of less than 10° API. Bitumen is the heaviest, thickest form of petroleum.

What is details in fuel oil treatment?

Details of fuel oil treatment: The refining process for crude oil separates by heating and distillation the various fractions of the oil. Paraffin fuel would be used in gas turbine plants, gas oil in high- and medium-speed diesel engines and crude oils in slow-speed and some medium-speed diesels.

What type of fuel do large ships use?

Large commercial vessels, such as cargo ships, generally operate on HFO while smaller ships, such as tugs and fishing vessels, tend to operate on distillate fuels, such as marine diesel oil (MDO), marine gas oil (MGO), or even ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel (ULSD).

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Is kerosene a liquid or gas?

Kerosene, also spelled kerosine, also called paraffin or paraffin oil, flammable hydrocarbon liquid commonly used as a fuel. Kerosene is typically pale yellow or colourless and has a not-unpleasant characteristic odour.

How much does heavy fuel oil weigh?

Including the drum, that’s between 439 and 454.7 lbs per drum. Heavy crude oil will weigh over 421.85 lbs, and West Canadian Select will weigh about 425.46 lbs. Meanwhile, extra heavy crude will weigh over 458 lbs. 55-gallon drums of each will weigh about 461.85 lbs, 465.46 lbs, and 490 lbs.

Which is heavier diesel or kerosene?

Kerosene is a lighter diesel oil than #2, hence why it is designated as #1 diesel. The lighter weight means it contains slightly less energy – about 135,000 BTU per gallon vs. Kerosene doesn’t contain very high levels of aromatic compounds; they typically get concentrated in the #2 and heavier diesel fuel oils.

Why is diesel called DERV?

In the UK, diesel fuel for on-road use is commonly abbreviated DERV, standing for diesel-engined road vehicle, which carries a tax premium over equivalent fuel for non-road use. Ultra-low-sulfur diesel (ULSD) is a diesel fuel with substantially lowered sulfur contents.

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