- 1 What is the difference between heavy fuel oil and diesel?
- 2 What is the difference between light fuel oil and heavy fuel oil?
- 3 How does a heavy fuel oil engine work?
- 4 Is gasoline a heavy fuel oil?
- 5 What are the 3 types of fuel?
- 6 What are heavy oils used for?
- 7 How much heavy fuel oil is produced from a barrel of oil?
- 8 Where does heavy oil come from?
- 9 What kind of oil do ships use?
- 10 What kind of fuel do cruise ships use?
- 11 Which fuel is used in train?
- 12 How much does heavy fuel oil weigh?
- 13 What’s heavier gas or oil?
- 14 Which converts heavy gas oils into lighter products?
- 15 Which catalyst is used for cracking of heavy gas oil?
What is the difference between heavy fuel oil and diesel?
Unlike heavy fuel oil (HFO), marine diesel oil does not have to be heated during storage. Marine diesel oil is sometimes also used synonymously with the term “intermediate fuel oil” (IFO). In the strict sense, the term marine diesel oil mainly refers to blends with a very small proportion of heavy fuel oil.
What is the difference between light fuel oil and heavy fuel oil?
Light heating oil is mainly consumed by households and commerce, but also by industry. A small proportion is used for electricity, district heating and gas generation. Heavy fuel oil* is primarily used in the chemicals industry, but also, for example, to a smaller degree in the iron, steel and electricity industry.
How does a heavy fuel oil engine work?
HFO or heavy fuel oil is the most widely used type of fuels for commercial vessels. The fuel oil releases energy to rotate the ship propeller or the alternator by burning fuel inside the combustion chamber of the engine or to generate steam inside the boiler.
Is gasoline a heavy fuel oil?
In a stricter sense, the term fuel oil refers only to the heaviest commercial fuels that crude oil can yield, that is, those fuels heavier than gasoline (petrol) and naphtha. Fuel oil consists of long-chain hydrocarbons, particularly alkanes, cycloalkanes, and aromatics.
What are the 3 types of fuel?
There are three types of fossil fuels which can all be used for energy provision; coal, oil and natural gas.
What are heavy oils used for?
It is used for the large ship engines of cargo vessels, bulk carriers of industrial or mining products like iron ore, cruise ships, and even the engine fuel for large oil tankers (though the oil that large oil tankers carry is called Crude Oil that has not yet been refined and is lighter than Heavy Fuel Oil).
How much heavy fuel oil is produced from a barrel of oil?
Petroleum refineries in the United States produce about 19 to 20 gallons of motor gasoline and 11 to 12 gallons of ultra-low sulfur distillate fuel oil (most of which is sold as diesel fuel and in several states as heating oil) from one 42-gallon barrel of crude oil.
Where does heavy oil come from?
Heavy fuel oil (HFO) is the bottom of the barrel leftovers from the oil refining process. It is incredibly viscous; at room temperature, it can be the consistency of peanut butter. Few engines can burn HFO – its low quality and gumminess prevents its use in all transport modes, with the exception of marine.
What kind of oil do ships use?
Large commercial vessels, such as cargo ships, generally operate on HFO while smaller ships, such as tugs and fishing vessels, tend to operate on distillate fuels, such as marine diesel oil (MDO), marine gas oil (MGO), or even ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel (ULSD).
What kind of fuel do cruise ships use?
Most cruise ships burn heavy fuel oil (HFO), which is the dirtiest fossil fuel available. Most of these ships also do not have any diesel particulate filters or selective catalytic converters to clean the exhaust – technologies that are standard for road vehicles like trucks.
Which fuel is used in train?
Diesel fuel has become the preferred fuel for railroad locomotive use due to its lower volatility, lower cost, and common availability. The diesel engine (A) is the main component of the diesel-electric locomotive.
How much does heavy fuel oil weigh?
Including the drum, that’s between 439 and 454.7 lbs per drum. Heavy crude oil will weigh over 421.85 lbs, and West Canadian Select will weigh about 425.46 lbs. Meanwhile, extra heavy crude will weigh over 458 lbs. 55-gallon drums of each will weigh about 461.85 lbs, 465.46 lbs, and 490 lbs.
What’s heavier gas or oil?
As the oil and gas are generated, depending on local conditions, the petroleum products will separate by density. Oil is less dense than water so it will “float” on water. Gas is less dense than both and will float to the top.
Which converts heavy gas oils into lighter products?
The most widely used conversion method is called cracking because it uses heat, pressure, catalysts, and sometimes hydrogen to crack heavy hydrocarbon molecules into lighter ones.
Which catalyst is used for cracking of heavy gas oil?
2.6. 1 Steam/Catalytic Cracking. In catalytic cracking solid catalysts effectively convert plastics into liquid fuel, giving lighter fractions as compared to thermal cracking. Catalysts used in this process include silica–alumina, aluminosilicate zeolite (ZSM-5), and fluid catalytic cracking (FCC), among others.