What Is Heavy Fuel Oil Fly Ash?

What is oil fly ash?

Heavy oil fly ash (HOFA) is a byproduct generated by the burning of heavy fuel oil. Chemical analysis showed that HOFA is mainly composed of unburned carbon with a significant amount of heavy metals. Due to toxicity, management of this waste poses a challenge to the industry personal.

What type of fuel is heavy oil?

Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) is a category of fuel oils of a tar-like consistency. Also known as bunker fuel, or residual fuel oil, HFO is the result or remnant from the distillation and cracking process of petroleum.

What is the main source of fly ash?

Fly ash is produced by coal-fired electric and steam generating plants. Typically, coal is pulverized and blown with air into the boiler’s combustion chamber where it immediately ignites, generating heat and producing a molten mineral residue.

What is the difference between ash and fly ash?

During coal combustion, large amounts of ash are created along with carbon dioxide and other gases. The fine particle ash that rises up with the flue gases is known as fly or flue ash while the heavier ash that does not rise is called bottom ash; collectively these are known as coal ash.

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Why fly ash is used in cement?

Fly ash is a pozzolan, a substance containing aluminous and siliceous material that forms cement in the presence of water. When used in concrete mixes, fly ash improves the strength and segregation of the concrete and makes it easier to pump.

What does fly ash look like?

Fly ash material solidifies while suspended in the exhaust gases and is collected by electrostatic precipitators or filter bags. Since the particles solidify rapidly while suspended in the exhaust gases, fly ash particles are generally spherical in shape and range in size from 0.5 µm to 300 µm.

What are the 3 types of fuel?

There are three types of fossil fuels which can all be used for energy provision; coal, oil and natural gas.

Why is heavy fuel oil bad?

Heavy Fuel Oil is highly concentrated in sulfur (35,000 parts per million). This means global shipping accounts for 8% of global emissions of sulfur dioxide emissions (SO2), which is highly acidic when mixed with water making shipping a major contributor toward acid rain and other respiratory diseases.

Why is heavy oil more expensive?

Heavy crude oil is also known as “tar sands” because of its high bitumen content. With simple distillation, heavier crude oil produces more lower-valued products, compared to the simple distillation of light crude. Heavy crude oil requires extra refining to produce more valuable and in-demand products.

Does fly ash absorb water?

Percentage of water absorption in both fly ash and wood ash replaced cement mortar bricks increases as the percentage of fly ash and wood as content varies from 10 to 50%. It is also absorbed that fly ash replaced cement brick has less water absorption compared to the wood ash replaced bricks.

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Is fly ash cheaper than cement?

Cost and Use Fly ash is easy to use and is recycled from a process already at work, making it less expensive than Portland cement. Fly ash can also have different grades, and its low price may mean low-quality concrete if the fly ash mixture is too coarse.

Why is it called fly ash?

Fly ash is a byproduct from burning pulverized coal in electric power generating plants. As the fused material rises, it cools and solidifies into spherical glassy particles called fly ash. Fly ash is collected from the exhaust gases by electrostatic precipitators or bag filters.

How do we get fly ash?

It is called fly ash because it is transported from the combustion chamber by exhaust gases. Fly ash is the fine powder formed from the mineral matter in coal, consisting of the noncombustible matter in coal and a small amount of carbon that remains from incomplete combustion.

Is bottom ash harmful?

Bottom ash not quite as useful as fly ash, although power plant owners have tried to develop “beneficial use” options, such as structural fill and road-base material. This isn’t a good idea, because the bottom ash remains toxic when recycled.

Is fly ash hazardous?

Fly ash particles (a major component of coal ash) can become lodged in the deepest part of your lungs, where they trigger asthma, inflammation and immunological reactions. Studies link these particulates to the four leading causes of death in the U.S.: heart disease, cancer, respiratory diseases and stroke.

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